Bioscience Discovery, Volume 10, Number 4, Page Number 193-202, Month & Year: Oct. - 2019

Effect of AM Fungi and Streptomyces isolate S. remosus on plant growth, biomass yield, and nutrients uptake in Sorghum Var. Maladandi (Sorghum Vulgare Pers.)

Kamble S. S.1 And H. C. Lakshman2

1Department of Botany,  Shivaji University, Kolhapur – 416 004 (M.S.) INDIA.
2P.G. Department of Studies in Botany (Microbiology Laboratory) Karnatak University, Dharwad – 580003, INDIA.

Article Info

 

Abstract

Received: 19-07-2019,
Revised: 16-09-2019,
Accepted: 22-09-2019

Over the recent  decades, laboratory and field experiments have generated, a considerable data regarding the promising use of beneficial micro organisms..In this study, special attention has been paid on Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and Actinomycetes, (Streptomyces) are rhizospheric microorganisms play an important role in promoting  plant growth and protection against plant pathogen. These two microorganisms could participate directly or indirectly in the enhancement of root hair production and root colonization understanding this two microorganisms,. Interaction studies were carried at laboratory conditions on Sorghum (Sorghum valgare pers.). Six AM Fungi Glomus byaggarajii G. macro carpum, G. rosseae, Rhizophagus fasciculatus, Selecystis dussii and Scutellosphora nigra combined with Streptomyces remosus was inoculated on Sorghum.The results showed that the inoculation of Rhizophaus fasciculatus with streptomyces remoses significantly influenced on Sorghum plant with increased plants growth, biomass yield per cent root colonization, spore number and an increased chlorophyll contents and nutrients N.P. and Zn and Cu, compared to (Control) non-inoculated plants. Selerocystis dussii with Streptomyces remosus and Glomus macrocarpum with s. remosus were the second and third suitable strains for Sorghum vulgare. There was an increased root hairs with reduced root length was documented on Sorghum plants when plants received Steptomyces remosus. Similarly, the copper content was higher among the (Control) non-inoculated Sorghum plants. However, other AM fungi  G. mosseae, Scutellospora nigra with Streptomyces remosus have influenced moderately on sorghum improvement compared to G. bagyarajii considered to be least influenced with S. remosus. And therefore, the results of the present study confirm that Sorghum vulgare have been proved for the positive growth response to mycorrhiza and Streptomyces inoculation.

Keywords:
Sorghum vulgare (Jowar), var. Maladandi, AMF (Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi), Streptomyces  remosus, Rhizophagus fasciculatus, Rhizosphere, root hairs, per cent root colonization, spore number, Synergistic interaction

 

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How to cite this article

Kamble SS And HC Lakshman, 2019. Effect of AM Fungi and Streptomyces isolate S. remosus on plant growth, biomass yield, and nutrients uptake in Sorghum Var. Maladandi (Sorghum Vulgare Pers.). Bioscience Discovery, 10(4):193-202.

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