Bioscience Discovery, Volume 10, Number 4, Page Number 185-192, Month & Year: Oct. - 2019

Observations on the Dicotyledonous Weed Flora of CMPRH, Indira Nagar, Emerald, The Nilgiris

J. Shashikanth*, S. Mugendhiran and M. Murali and S. Rajan

Centre of Medicinal Plants Research in Homoeopathy (CMPRH)
Indira Nagar, Emerald, The Nilgiris- 643 209, Tamil Nadu, India.
*jale_shashikanth@yahoo.com

Article Info

 

Abstract

Received: 19-07-2019,
Revised: 16-09-2019,
Accepted: 22-09-2019

The Present paper deals with weeds of cultivated fields of Rosemary, Cineraria, Achillea, Thymus and Digitalis occurring in and around the CMPRH garden in Emerald, The Nilgiris District. A total number of 78 Plants species belonging to 29 families have been recorded. These species have been enumerated alphabetically with correct binomial followed by basionym, brief description, Phenology and distribution. The Dominant family Asteraceae contains 26 species followed by Solanaceae 8 species, Caryophyllaceae 5 species, Brassicaceae, Oxalidaceae, Amaranthaceae, Polygonaceae 3 species each, Fabaceae, Rosaceae, Verbenaceae, Plantaginaceae, Amaranthaceae, families are represented by two species each  remaining families are represented by single species each. The most commonly reported species are Spergula arvensis L., Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Tzvelev, Bidens pilosa L., Erigeron canadensis L. and Hypochaeris glabra L., Centella asiatica (L.) Urban., Wahlenbergia marginata (Thunb.) A.DC., Spermacoce hispida L., Leucas  aspera L. and Coronopus didymus  (L.) Smith. were compete with Rosemary, Cineraria, Achillea, Thymus and Digitalis crops for nutrients and space and bringing down the yields.

Keywords:
CMPRH, Homoeopathy Medicinal Plants, Nilgiri District, Weeds  

REFERENCES
Ajai Kumar Sigh, Priyanka Sigh, Yogini Devi and Ansari AA, 2009. Grass weeds of cultivated fields in South- Eastern Uttar Pradesh.  J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 33 (1): 81 - 100.
Bir SS and Sidhu M, 1981. Observations on the weed flora of cultivable lands in Punjab- Sugarcane    fields in Patiala District. Jour. Ind. Bot. Soc., 60 (3& 4): 317 - 322.
Chakravarthi AK, 1957. Weed flora of Paddy field of West Bengal. Indian Agri., 1 (2): 19-26.
Deokule SS and Kamble SY,  1984. Weeds of irrigated and non- irrigated Agricultural fields of Baramati area in Pune District.  J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 5 (1): 9 - 16.
Dutta PC and Maiti RB, 1963. Paddy field weeds of Midnapore District. Ibid, 7: 147- 165.
Jain SP, 1980. Introduced weeds in the Vegetation of North- East Haryana. Bull. Bot. Univ. of Saugor, 22: 46-56.
Jain SP and Singh NB, 1982. Weeds of Paddy, Wheat and Sugarcane fields of Kurukshetra District in Haryana. The Botaniqe, 10 (1-4): 15 -18.
Jery Thomas and John De Britto A, 1999. Weeds of medicinal importance in Trunelveli District in Tamil nadu. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 23 (2): 363-367. Kuntala N Barua and Khatry PK, 2009. Alien forest weeds in Upper Brahmaputra Valley and hill zones of Assam. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 33 (2): 414 - 422.
Manga VK and Sigh P, 1984. Observations on the weed flora of Bajra Fields in Jodhpur District (Rajasthan).  J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 5 (4): 851 - 854.
Manorama K, Balsubramanian A and Ravichandran G, 2010. Weed flora of pototo (Solanum tubresum) and their management in the Nilgiris. Indian J. Weed  Sci., 42 (1&2): 63 - 66.
Mukhopadhyay SK, 1965. Control of weeds in wheat and rice for increasing crop production. Agron. Jour., 10: 72-82.
Pandey, HK ,1956 a. The study in weed and weeding of wheat fields. Ph.D. Thesis. Agra University.
Pandey, HK 1956 b. Effect of growth regulators as weed in crop of wheat. Proc.Ind. Sci. Congr. Assoc. 43rd Session Part IIIx.
Patro GK, 1971. Survey of major distribution of weed flora in tour field crops at Bhubaneshwar area. Ind.  J. Weed. Sci., 3: 104 - 111.
Ramar Govindaraj, Ganapathy Pandiarajan, Balkumar Mahesh Kumar and Karuppasamy, Sankarasivaraman, 2011. Beneficial usage of weeds in the tea fields of Pandalur village, Nilgiri District, Tamil Nadu. J. Biosci. Res., 2 (4):  249 -254.
Singh KK and Singh SC 1983. Observation on weeds of Wheat field of Lucknow District, Jour. Econ. Tax.  Bot., 4: 223-231.
Singh KK and Singh SC. 1983. Observation on weeds of wheat field of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
J. ECon. Taxon. Bot., 4: 223 -230.
Singh NP, 1969.Weed flora of some fields and plantations of Dehra Dun. Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 11 (3&4): 350-361.
Singh SC and Jain SP, 1986. Medicinal weeds of Lucknow District. Ind. Jour. Plant Sciences, 4: 70 -83.
Verma RR and  Bharadwaj RS, 1959. Chemical weed control in Wheat. Ind. Jour. Agron., 2: 243.
Victor R, Elango J and Sharma V S, 2008. Phytosociology of weeds in tea plantations of South India. Indian J. Weed Sci., 40 (1&2): 73-77.

How to cite this article

J. Shashikanth, S. Mugendhiran and M. Murali and S. Rajan, 2019. Observations on the Dicotyledonous Weed Flora of CMPRH, Indira Nagar, Emerald, The Nilgiris. Bioscience Discovery, 10(4):185-192.

Note: The editor, owner, printer and publisher does not accept any responsibility regarding unsolicited publication material, authenticity of data, statement, inaccurate data, opinions, results and view expressed by the authors in articles are of their own and not of Bioscience Discovery Journal.

Online available on


http://www.jbsd.in
http://www.biosciencediscovery.com

Publisher: RUT Printer and Publisher, Jalna (MS) India