Bioscience Discovery, Volume 10, Number 4, Page Number 171-180, Month & Year: Oct. - 2019

Selection of efficient am fungi species for mustard plant – brassica  junceae (l.) Zern and coss and its effect on growth, biomass yield and nutrient uptake

Waghmore M. B. 1 And H. C. Lakshman2

1Department of Botany, New College, Kolhapur – 416 012 (M.S.) India.
2H.C. Lakshman, P.G  Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Dharwad –   580 003, India.

Article Info

 

Abstract

Received: 02-07-2019,
Revised: 19-09-2019,
Accepted: 26-09-2019

The agricultural practices of soil management need special attention in the relation to the roots of different plants with the different techniques used.  Because the health of plants is dynamically linked to the use of micro-organisms considered beneficial to plants. Among the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are important, as they colonise to the roots of most plants, forming  symbiotic association in natural ecosystems and ecosystems  changed by man.  In the present study, ten AM fungi were screened, to know the suitable AMF for Mustard plants (Brassica junceae) at laboratory condition.  Out of ten AM fungi nine were exotic and one indigenous AM fungus Glomus macrocarpum influenced best inoculant for Mustard by enhanced plants growth,  biomass yield, chlorophyll content in leaves, per cent root colonization, spore number,. N.P.K. and Zn, Cu uptake in shoot  and roots. Gigaspora morgarita and Scuitellospora nigra are the second and third suitable fungi for Mustard plants over the (Control) non-inoculated  plants.  The other  AM fungi Acculospora mellea, A. trappei,Glomus arborease, G. mosseae, Rhizophagus fasciculattus,  Solerocystis dussii and Scutellospora verrucosa were moderately influenced on plants growth biomass yield and nutrients content in shoots and roots compared to (Control) non-inoculated plants. However, the  plorine content in roots, shoot/root ratio were higher than that of AM fungi inoculated plants. It may be concluded that indigenous am fungus Glomus macrocarpum can be selected as an efficient AMF strain for the improvement of Mustard plants at green house  condition and, we have successfully inoculated AM fungi for Mustard plants as it belongs to the family brassicaceae,  this family was disputed  by many workers. Therefore, there is a need for the  selection of a suitable AM fungi for agriculture and horticultural plants.

Keywords:
Indigenous Arbscular mycorrhizal fungi, Exotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Mustard plants, (Brassica junceae), Glomus macrocarpum, Gigaspora margarita, Scutellospora verrucosa, per cent root colonization, proline content in roots.

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How to cite this article

Waghmore MB And HC Lakshman, 2019. Selection of efficient am fungi species for mustard plant – brassica  junceae (l.) Zern and coss and its effect on growth, biomass yield and nutrient uptake. Bioscience Discovery, 10(4):171-180.

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