Bioscience Discovery, Volume 10, Number 4, Page Number 222-226, Month & Year: Oct. - 2019

Assessment of hematological indices of Albino Rat (Rattus novergicus) fed with fish meal

Ibemenuga Keziah Nwamaka and Nwaka Chukwuka Raphael-Joseph

Department of Biological Sciences
Ciiukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Anambra State, Nigeria
E-mail: jesusvesselofhonour@yahoo.com

Article Info

 

Abstract

Received: 05-07-2019,
Revised: 11-09-2019,
Accepted: 18-09-2019

The study was designed to evaluate the effect of fish meal on the lipid profile and haematological parameters of albino rats (Rattus novergicus). A total of 16 rats were used for this study. Two different treatments were applied; the control group, Group A -were fed with standard feed and treatment (test group) Group B were fed with fishmeal. The rats were randomly distributed into two treatment groups of 8 rats per group. The experiment lasted for a period of 8 weeks. Body weight gain and feed intake were recorded during the period of the experiment. At the end of every two weeks interval, the animals were starved for 12 hours and one is randomly selected from each group and sacrificed via cardiac puncture after dazing the animal. The result revealed that rats in the treatment Group A (control) fed with standard feed showed significant (p≤0.05) increase in cholesterol and glyceride values when compared to rats in the treatment Group B fed with fish meal. The haematological parameters measure remained within normal clinical ranges. The body weight and feed intake was significantly higher in the Group B treated with the fishmeal.

Keywords:
Growth, Haematology, Albino rats, Fishmeal, Lipid Profile

 

REFERENCES
Adam SK, Soelaiman NA, Umar N, Mokhtar N and Jaarin K, 2008. Effects of repeatedly heated palm oil on serum lipid profile, lipid peroxidation and homocystein levels in a post-menopausal rat model. Journal of Medicine, 11: 145−151.
Adeneye AA, Ajabonna OP and Bello SO, 2006. Preliminary toxicity and phytochemical studies of the stem bark aqueous extract of Musanga cecropioides in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 105(3): 373−379.
Agbon AO, Omotainse SO, Alegbeleye WO and Ilesanmi AI, 2013. Effects of aflaxtoxin B,-contaminated feed on the heamatological parameters of juvenile Glorias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822). Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 28(1): 69-81.
Alagbaoso SO, Nwosu JN, Njuko, NE, Okoye EC, Eluychie CN and Agunwa IM, 2017. Haematology and growth study of albino rats fed varying inclusions of cooked Cancwalia flagiosperma piper seed meal based-Diets. Journal of food and Nutrition Research, 5(9): 649-658.
Bhuiyan AKM., Ratnayake WMN and Ackman RG, 2003. Nutritional composition of raw and smoked Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus): oil-water soluble vitamins. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 6: 172−184.
Eheba ETE, Omoikhojie SO, Bangbose AM, Druna, MB and Isidhahomen CE, 2008. Haematology and serum biochemistry of weaner rabbits fed cooked Bambara groundnut meal as replacement for soyabeans meal. Proceedings of 33rd Annual Conference of Nigeria for Animal Production 191−196.
FAO, 2000. Post mortem change and handling of caught fish by terushigamotohiro. Nigerian Journal of Fishing, 1(6): 26.
Kent P, 2014. The role of HDL-cholesterol in preventing atherosclerotic disease. European Heart Journal Supplements, 7: 4−8.
Luka CD and Mohammed A, 2013. Effect of fish oil on high lipid fed Albino Rats. Journal of Medical and Applied Biosciences, 5: 1−7.
Marimuthu K, Thilaga M, Kathiresan S, Xavier R and Mas RHMH, 2011. Effect of different cooking methods on proximate and mineral composition of stripped snakehead fish {Channa striatus, Block). Journal of Food Science Technology, 49(3): 373-377.     >
Mbanasor UU, Anene BM, Chimezie AB, Nnaji TO, Eze JI and Ezekwe AG, 2003. Haematology of normal trypanosome infected muturu cattle in South-Eastern Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Animal Production., 30: 236−241.
Odeyemi OO, Yakubu MT, Masika PJ and Afolayan AJ, 2009. Toxicological evaluation of the essential oil from Mentha longifoli L. suosp. Capensis leaves in rats. Journal of Medicinal Food, 12(3): 669-674.
Odoemelam VU, 2007. Proximate composition, anti-nutritional properties and mineral assay of raw and processed Canavalia plaglosperma seed. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Animal Production and Management, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.
Ojo OA, Oloyede OI, Ajiboye BO and Olarewaju OI, 2015. Effect of aqueous extract of Ocimum gratissimum on some haematological parameters of albino rats. American Chemical Journal, 4(1): 74−81.
Omodamiro SA and Nwankwo DS, 2013. Seasonal levels of some nutrients in the three bagrids from two localities in Northern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Scientific Research, 5(2): 43−47.
Omojowo FSI., Garba L and Ihuahi JA, 2009. Comparative Assessment of potassium ^orbate and sodium metabisulphite on the safety and shelf of smoked catfish. Nature and Science, 7(10): 10−17.
Pugalenthi M, Vadivel V and Janak P, 2007. Comparative evaluation of protein quality of raw and differentially processed seeds of an underutilized food legumes, (Abrus precatorius L) Livestock Research for Rural Development Article No. 168. Available in the online website. http://www.irrd.org/iiTd 19/11 /pugal 968.htm.
Roberts MBV, 1076. Biology: A Functional Approach. Second Edition. The English Language Book Society and Nelson, Kenya. 656pp.
Tietz NW, 1994. Textbook of clinical chemistry. 3rd Edition. W.B. Saunders Company New York. Pp. 470-479.
Roberts MBV, 1976. Biology: A Functional Approach. 2nd edition. The English Language Book Society and Nelson, Kenya. 6y5pp.
Wadhera RK and Foody JM, 2016. A review of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, treatment strategies, and its impact on cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Journal of Clinical Lipodology, 472 - 489.

How to cite this article

Ibemenuga Keziah Nwamaka and Nwaka Chukwuka Raphael-Joseph, 2019. Assessment of hematological indices of Albino Rat (Rattus novergicus) fed with fish meal. Bioscience Discovery, 10(4):222-226.

Note: The editor, owner, printer and publisher does not accept any responsibility regarding unsolicited publication material, authenticity of data, statement, inaccurate data, opinions, results and view expressed by the authors in articles are of their own and not of Bioscience Discovery Journal.

Online available on


http://www.jbsd.in
http://www.biosciencediscovery.com

Publisher: RUT Printer and Publisher, Jalna (MS) India