Germplasm collection of potential natural oil resources for energy
Bhagat R. B., D. K. Kulkarni and S. P. Taware
Department of Botany, Baburaoji Gholap College, Sangvi Pune-27, (M.S.), India
BAIF- Development Research Foundation, Pune, (M.S.), India
Agharkar Research Institute, G.G. Agarkar Rd. Pune-4 M.S.), India
During last few decades in view of increase in demand and cost of petroleum products alternative resources like edible and non-edible oil resources as well as animal fat are used as bio-energy source. Vegetable oil as biodiesel is an environment friendly replacement for petroleum based fuel. India has a great potential for production of bio-fuels from non-edible oil resources. There are more than 100 varieties of non-edible oil seed resources available in wild state. They exhibit tremendous genetic diversity in morphology, chemical characters and oil content with respect to seasonal change. During last two years germplasm collection of non edible oil seeds like Jatropha, Caesalpinia, Madhuca, Aphanamixis, Callophyllum, etc. from Kolhapur, Ratnagiri, Satara, Pune, Solhapur, Raigad districts from Maharashtra was carried out. The present paper deals with physico-chemical analysis, oil content variation and fatty acids composition.
Ajiwe VIE, Okeke CA and Agbo HU, 1995b. Extraction and utilization of Breadfruit seed oil (Treculia africana). Biores. Technol. 53, pp. 183-184.
Ajiwe VIE, Okeke CA and Agbo HU Ogunleye GA Ekwuozor SC, 1996. Extraction, Characterization and industrial Uses of Velvet-tamarind, Physic-nut and Nicker-nut Seed oils. Biores. Technol. 57, pp. 297-299.
Ajiwe VIE., Umerie CA, Okeke and Oburota VN, 1994. Extraction and utilization of Cassava seed oil. Biores. Technol., 47, pp.85-86.
Ajiwe, VIE, Okeke, CA and Agbo, HN, 1995a Extraction and utilization of Afzelia africana seed oil. Biores. Technol., 53, pp. 89-90.
AOAC, 1984, 1995. Official Methods of Analysis Vol. 67(14th ed.), Association of official analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA pp.503-515.
Bhagat Rani B and Kulkarni DK 2009. Jatropha nana Dalz. & Gibs.: a plant for future energy. The Jatropha Journal (www.jatropha.de/documents/Jatropha))
Bhagat RB & Kulkarni D K, 2010a. Bauhinia roxburghiana Voigt. and Aphanamixis polystachys (Wall.) Parker: potential non-edible oil resources for future energy. Asian Journal of Chemistry. 22(4):2948-2952. (IF-.0.327)
Bhagat RB and Kulkarni DK, 2010b. In vitro antimicrobial activity, lipid content and physico-chemical analysis of non-edible oils. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 22(9):6884-6890.
Bhagat RB and Kulkarni DK,2010c. Phytochemical, antioxidant and antimicrobial analysis of endemic and endangered Jatropha nana Dalz. and Gibs. from Maharashtra. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 3(9) : 2073-2076.
Bhagat RB, Taware SP, Chavan AM and Kulkarni DK, 2010. Studies on collection and evaluation of Jatropha curcas L. germplasm. American Journal of Oil Chemist Society (AJOCS) 1778-1779.
Bhagat Rani B and Kulkarni DK, 2013. Phytochemical evaluation and In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Jatropha glandulifera Roxb. (Family Euphorbiaceae). International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences (IJPLS) 4(12) 3190-3192.
Brown WL, 1983. Genetic diversity and genetic vulnerability- an appraisal. Econ. Bot. 37(1): 4-12.
Jayanthi B, 2005. Biofuel- a renewable and sustainable energy for future. Kisan World pp. 10.
Kulkarni DK, Gamre PG, Patil MA, Joshi VN and Kumbhojkar MS, 2000. Conservation studies on genetic diversity in Neen (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) J. Econ. Tax. Bot., 24(2): 283-286.
Kulkarni DK, 2004. Indigenous oil resources of Western Maharashtra as a source of employment for tribals. In proceeding of the National Workshop on Jatropha and other perennial oilseed species. (Ed. N.G.Hegde, J.N.Daniel and S. Dhar) BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune. pp.138-143.
Kulkarni DK, Bhagat Rani B and Joshi VN, 2008. Caesalpinia crista L. Seed oil- a probable candidate for biodiesel. Indian J. Trop. Biodiv., 16(1): 93-96.
Azam M Mohibbe, Waris Amtul and Nahar NM, 2005. Prospects and Potential of fatty acids methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for use as bio-diesel in India, Biomass & Bioenergy, 4:293-302.
Olivier Danielo, 2005. An algae – based fuel. Biofutur, No. 255/May 2005.
Primomo VS, Falke ED, Ablett GR, Tanner JW and Rajcan I, 2002. Genotype x Environment Interactions, Stability, and Agronomic Performance of Soyabean with Altered Fatty Acid Profiles. Crop. Sci., 42:37-44.
Sadasivam S and Manikam A, 1996. Biochemical Methods. ( Revised Second Edition) Pub. New Age International Publishers, New Delhi.
Singh DR, Senani S, Medhi RP and Rai RB. 2005. Alligator apple- a lesser known multipurpose plant. Natural Produce Radiance. 4(4):274-277.
Williams KA, 1966. Oils, fats and fatty foods (4th edi.) Elsevier Publishing Co.New York, P. 88-122.
How to cite this article
Bhagat RB, DK Kulkarni and SP Taware, 2019. Germplasm collection of potential natural oil resources for energy. Bioscience Discovery, 10(4):203-206.
Note: The editor, owner, printer and publisher does not accept any responsibility regarding unsolicited publication material, authenticity of data, statement, inaccurate data, opinions, results and view expressed by the authors in articles are of their own and not of Bioscience Discovery Journal.
Online available on
Publisher: RUT Printer and Publisher, Jalna (MS) India